Polícia Federal deflagra Operação Minamata para combater garimpo ilegal no Amazonas

A Polícia Federal deflagrou, na última quinta-feira (17/09), ações da Operação Minamata*, com objetivo de reprimir a prática ilegal de garimpo no Rio Boia e afluentes, no município de Jutaí/AM. A operação teve a duração de três dias, sendo encerrada somente ontem (20/09).

Participaram das ações 32 policiais federais, incluindo integrantes dos grupos táticos e especializados da PF, inclusive com a utilização de aeronave da instituição.

As investigações foram realizadas com o auxílio de um sistema de monitoramento remoto contratado pela Polícia Federal, que possibilita o acesso a imagens e alertas diários de detecção de mudanças ambientais com acompanhamento por satélite, o que permitiu a rápida localização do garimpo ilegal.

A celeridade na disponibilização das imagens, possibilitada por esse sistema, demonstra-se fundamental para o efetivo combate aos crimes ambientais no país.

As investigações da PF apontam fortes indícios no sentido de que a bacia hidrográfica e a fauna da região foram atingidas por mercúrio, metal líquido utilizado no processo da extração do ouro.

Nas ações foram desativadas quatro dragas e três balsas, onde havia cerca de 50 mil litros de diesel e de gasolina, e que eram utilizadas como centro logístico para a distribuição de combustível. Também foram apreendidos objetos e documentos que serão analisados pela PF na apuração  das responsabilidades pelos crimes ambientais, especialmente  decorrentes das atividades de garimpo ilegal. Além disso, foram coletadas amostras de água e de material biológico humano, que permitirão  mensurar a contaminação nos recursos ambientais e nos habitantes da região. O mercúrio é  profundamente danoso à saúde humana e a sua ingestão pode levar à morte.

A operação Minamata está no contexto de um esforço integrado de várias instituições para o planejamento e  execução de trabalhos investigativos e ostensivos policiais voltados à proteção e preservação da Amazônia e dos demais biomas, bem como das Terras Indígenas (TI).

* O nome da operação remete ao evento em que ocorreu a intoxicação, pelo consumo de peixes contaminados pelo mercúrio,  de centenas de pessoas na cidade de Minamata na costa do Japão. Naquela situação, o mercúrio era utilizado como um catalizador químico na produção de fertilizantes.

Comunicação Social da PF no Amazonas

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